IN THE ORIGINAL NAVAL DECK CASE;
AN AMAZING DISCOVERY
Adams, Sr. "To His Most Sacred Majesty George the Third, This
New Celestial Globe containing all ye Southern Constellations
lately observed at the Cape of Good Hope, & all the Stars in
Flamsted's British Catalogue, is most humbly inscribed by His
Majesty's most dutiful & obliged Subject & Servant G. Adams."
Sold by G. Adams Mathl. Inst. Maker to ye King. Fleet Street
London." For the entire first half of the 18th Century,
seafaring Britain was absorbed with the problem of accurate
nautical navigation. To figure longitude correctly, a huge prize
was offered by Parliament for men like Harrison and Mudge to
compete for, building an accurate spring-driven nautical
timepiece for use at sea. The most significant maker in London
of ever more accurate scientific instruments was George Adams
Sr. and his sons George and Dudley. Holders of the appointment
Instrument Makers to the King, the Adams's made more than
elegant home globes on stylish stands. Scientific accuracy and
demonstrative value was uppermost and his globes were
comparatively more expensive than his competitors. It was Adams
Sr. who provided James Cook with the instruments needed to
observe the transit of Venus in the southern Pacific in 1769.[*
Dahl and Gauvin, Sphaerae Mundi (2000) p.87] Possibly he
supplied all the navigational instruments on the ship. In 1766,
Adams published a manual to accompany his globes. "A treatise
describing and explaining the construction and use of new
Celestial and Terrestrial Globes". In it he describes his new
method of mounting globes to make their navigational purpose
more easily understood. Jealous of his success and wealth, one
competitor Benjamin Martin attacked him in print describing the
new mount as "more difficult to use and much less adapted to
explain..." This globe is not dated on its surface but it is
dated. 1765 is burned into the wood of the inner surface of the
simple rough pine octagonal deck case. This case was originally
fitted with hinges and a lock, now broken or partially missing.
Fine wood boxes or mountings were a nuisance at sea so nautical
instrument makers who listened to the suggestions of seamen,
avoided them. The orb is carefully engraved on parchment colored
stock, mounted on a weighted plaster orb. A finely engraved full
ring meridian has the brass time dial at what we would call the
South Pole. Among the usual classical constellation figures are
also found representations of scientific instruments of the
time. These were not intended to entertain but to instruct
sailors in locating and identifying key stars in the firmament.
Before this, most could take navigation readings only at noon
and in sunlight. With a celestial globe (later called a
star-finder) the readings could be taken at night. Finding an
Adams star globe in its original nautical mounting is a major
discovery. George Adams Sr.. London. 1765. Literature: Elly
Dekker. Globes at Greenwich (1999) Elly Dekker and Peter van
der Krogt. Globes from the Western World. (1993) Edward
H. Dahl and Jean-Francois Gauvin. Sphaerae Mundi. (2000)
English. TERRESTRIAL GLOBE. CELESTIAL GLOBE. [Ornate
full mount Georgian pedestal globes labeled to show all parts
with diagrams explaining nomenclature.] London. c1770. Copper
engraving. 6.3 x 10.5" Expert modern color, matted. Engraved
for Middleton's Complete system of geography.
Bardin, T.M. The New 12 Inch British
representing the accurate positions of the principle known
places of the earth, from the discoveries of Captain Cook
and subsequent circumnavigators to the present period 1802
... with additions to 1807. Retailer's label (W.& S. Jones.
Holborn. London) obscuring lower part of title cartouche.
One end chipped. Aaron Arrowsmith engraved gores for Bardin
globes of this period and this information may lie beneath
the retailer's label. [With] The New Twelve
Inch British Celestial Globe,
containing the exact positions of more than 3800 Fixd Stars,
Nebulae; Plsanetary Nebulae; &c. According to the latest
discoveries and observations of Dr. Maskelyne; Dr. Herschell,
and other Eminent Astronomers and Adjusted to the present
period 1800. T.M. Bardin. London. 1807. Period full mount
stands raised on four turned legs and similar stretchers
supporting horizon ring with engraved scale. Restorations to
orb, gores and scale. Yonge lists a globe with the same
surface, 1802 but dated to 1805, in the Wilson Museum,
Castine, ME. Literature: Ena L. Yonge. A catalogue of early
globes. American Geographical Society Library series No. 6.
1968. p. 5; Tooley (Mapmakers) p.84; Der Globusfreund 41/42;
Millburn and Rossaak pp. 21-57. Only globe with the elusive
state of Franklin in eastern Tennessee. Rockies called
Stoney Mountains. The interior of Africa is left blank with
no speculative additions. South coast of Australia not
determined. On the celestial globe are seen constellations
such as Bootes, Corona Borealis, Canis Venatici,
Camelopardalis, Perseus and the Head of Medusa. Gives the
names provided by French astronomer Nicolas Louis de
Lacaille which include Equulerus Pictorius (Laicalle's
Pictor), Fornax Chemica (Fornax) and his Microscopium.
Professionally refurbished. We have only had the Bardin
terrestrial globe once. Finding a pair is unusual.
RARE 1831 JAMES WILSON CELESTIAL GLOBE/PAIR WITH
1831 WILSON TERRESTRIAL GLOBE #10200
James. A New American Celestial Globe,
containing the positions of nearly 5000 stars, clusters,
nebulae &c. carefully compil'd & laid down from the latest &
most approv'd astronomical tables reduced to the present
time by James Wilson & Sons, 1831 Albany St. N.Y. J. Wilson
& Sons. Albany . 1831. Tan engraved gores over plaster on
metal orb, missing the precision time arrow fastened to
meridian at North Pole. Shows the zodiac figures,
constellations. Stamped and machined brass full ring
meridian in full mount table stand, zodiac scale on 13"
horizon ring. A definitive view of the heavens in the early
19th Century, including vivid depictions of Ursa Major &
Minor, Leo the Lion & Leo Minor; Cancer; Taurus the Bull;
Pixis Nautic, The Mar Compass; Serpentarius; Virgo the
Virgin; Cetus The Whale; Sagittarius the Archer; Bootes;
Argonauvis the Ship; Corona Borealis and dozens more
figures. Professionally restored and cleaned. Forms a pair
THE 13 INCH JAMES WILSON GLOBE
James Wilson. A NEW AMERICAN THIRTEEN INCH
TERRESTRIAL GLOBE, Exhibiting with the greatest
possible accuracy, the positions of the principal known
places of the earth; with the tracks of various
circumnavigators together with new discoveries and
political alterations down to the present period: 1831
by J. Wilson & Sons Albany St. N.Y. S. WOOD & SONS,
AGENTS. NEW YORK. 1831. Tan engraved gores over plaster
on metal orb, probably copper. Lacks time arrow at North
Pole. Shows equinoctial colure, ecliptic, prevailing
winds, analemma and the routes of numerous explorers.
Stamped and machined brass full ring meridian in full
mount four-legged table stand with engraved colored
horizon ring scale. Hawaii called Sandwich Islands or
Owyhee with notes on the death of Cook in 1779 and
Hergest and two others in 1792. New Holland or
Australasia not yet divided into provinces. In North
America, Louisiana and Missouri are states but entire
Northwest called Missouri Territory and Southwest called
Internal Provinces (of Mexico). Allegorical title
vignette and possibly the gores by D.W. Wilson and
engraved by Balch, Rawdon & Co. Surface professionally
cleaned but many small black mildew spots remain. Still
attractive example of an increasingly hard to find
American globe by the Father of American globe making,
Loring's Celestial globe containing all the known stars, nebulae,
& c. ... 12" diam. celestial globe on wood stand, with
laminated circular horizon ring with colored printed zodiac
table. Brass full ring meridian. Engraved partly colored paper
gores over plaster. Some small blemishes and losses. Some
repairs to horizon ring, turned oak legs and cross members are
modern reproductions early 20th Century. Boston. 1833. Andrew
Loring (ca.1775-1840) is a well-known early American publisher.
He began to manufacture globes in various sizes in 1832. Thus,
one of Loring's earlier globes. Op cit. Warner, "The geography
of heaven and earth." In: Rittenhouse, vol. 2 No. 4, pp.
110-112. Dull patina.
GLOBE, SCARCE SMALL SIZE
Gilman. Joslin's Six Inch
Globe, from the best authorities. Gilman Joslin. Gilman
Joslin. Boston. 1840. Very handsome 6 inch table globe with
engraved and hand colored gores over an orb of hollow metal. Time
scales at North and South Poles are part of the gore surface
design. Firmament finished a subdued tan. Engraved brass full
meridian with time dial pointer set into hardwood stand with
three turned baluster legs and stretchers. Overall height 7.75
inches. Star patterns shown with Capricorn figures of bear, lion,
crab, Hercules and such. Seasons and zodiac months shown on
horizon ring. Very nicely preserved with only slight surface sun
crazing in northern hemisphere. Period stand with fine
patina. I.D.#09033. SOLD.
FROM A MASONIC LODGE HALL. EXCEPTIONAL FOLK ART STANDS
Moore & Nims. The Franklin Terrestrial Globe 10 inches in
diameter containing all the Geographical Divisions & Political
Boundaries to the present date carefully compiled from the best
authorities. Moore & Nims Troy N.Y. | The Franklin improved
Celestial Globe with the new Constellations. Merrian & Moore
Troy, N.Y. Pre-Civil War 10 inch globe pair from an old lodge
hall which accounts for their exceptional state of preservation.
Either side of the Worshipful Master's chair are two tall
columns which are usually topped with globes. Often these globes
are commonplace ones; this is not the case here. The terrestrial
globe shows "Russian America" for Alaska, thus dating them
pre-1867. Unusual West in the United States with Dacota
Territory and Idaho quite large including Wyoming. Tibet is
called "Bod", India called Hindostan, Afghanistan is called
"Cabool" and the Kenya region in Africa is "Zanguebar". The
celestial globe may be slightly earlier than the terrestrial but
they have always been together as a pair. Moore & Nims. Troy,
N.Y. c1858. Exceptional condition with original varnish. Not a
restoration. They always being high on columnar pedestals meant
that they were seldom handled. There is a small crack in the
south China area extending down into "Barmah" (Burma). It rubs
slightly within the full ring meridian at Hindostan. Also a
couple small dents on the title label. The hand coloring is
bright and sharp and the varnish is still shiney. The folk art
bases are noteworthy, being hand carved polychrome of a lotus
plant in green with white blossoms extending out. The bases are
a special design done by or for the Masons and not original to
the globes. Bases a bit dusty but fine folk art. Each base is 13
inches high and each globe stands about 25 inches. The leaves
and protruding flowers give a somewhat ancient Egyptian look and
extend out to 23 inches. A dramatic and decorative potential
newelpost statement. Unlike any other globe pair we have ever
HANDSOME PAIR, TERRESTRIAL AND
G.F. Cruchley. Cruchley's New Terrestrial Globe | ...
New Celestial Globe From the most recent authorities
exhibiting the discoveries in equatorial Africa, North Pole and
the new settlements & divisions of Australia, New Zealand,
California, Texas &c. London G.F. Cruchley, map-seller, globe
maker & publisher. 61 Fleet Street ... 1868. Issue that omits
mention of the Cary family to which business they had succeeded.
G.F. Cruchley. London. 1868 (actually dated). Celestial globe
may be slightly older. 12 inch hollow orbs, time dial at North
Pole. Oceans finished in pea green, with tropics of Cancer and
Capricorn, ecliptic, equinoctial colure and analemma. Each
mounted on walnut turned tripod table stands with turned
stretchers. Full ring brass meridians with stamped numbering,
horizon rings with lithographed scales. Nice pair of
mid-Victorian library table globes.
JOHNSTON CELESTIAL FLOOR GLOBE 1879
W. & A.K. Johnston.
18 inch Celestial globe. W. & A.K. Johnston. Edinburgh |
London. 1879 (actual date). Orb with the heavens in dark blue with
gold stars. Constellation figures. Cast iron art nouveau floor
stand with three incurvate legs, acanthus leaf style and claw feet
enclosing striped glass casters. Quite dramatic and unusual
constellation depictions include several enlightenment period
scientific instruments; numerous lion, bear, serpent and horse
figures; many classical figures: Hercules, Orion, Aquarius and
others concentrated mainly in the northern hemisphere. Stars are
shown in order of magnitude with golden circles and names. The
horizon ring paper has the only touch of restoration in the
ensemble. A rare, dated, large celestial globe in unusually fine
condition. The art nouveau stand forms a potential pair with
an A.H. Andrews 18 inch terrestrial globe with Johnston gores
Albrecht. Schottes Himmelsglobus. Entworfen und
gezeichnet von H. Albrecht. Verlag der Geograph/artist. Anstalt
von Ernst Schotte & Co. Berlin W. Berlin, Germany. c1880.
Large table celestial globe with the background in black. Stars
and constellations in red. Stars shown with several degrees of
brightness. Full ring brass meridian resting within conforming
round ferules above turned Dutch form central column. Three
shaped Dutch renaissance revival legs forming a tripod extend
from column. Entire structure ebonized. Much chipping and loss
to horizon ring paper scale. Some fading to title cartouche on
surface. Unusual swing out wooden container for a small compass.
Extremely decorative ensemble with brass full meridian, tubing
and wire in contrast to the black stand and orb.
FULL MOUNT CELESTIAL
/CELTIC STYLE TRIPOD FEET
& Moore. The Franklin improved
Globe with the new constellations. Merriam & Moore. Troy, N.Y.
c1892. Unusual 9.5" diam. Dull paper gores over plaster. Heavens
finished in tan with numerous American Naive engraved drawings of
constellations, hand colored. Fully mounted with horizon ring with
engraved paper month and zodiac scale raised on cast iron
conforming ferules above low tripod base embossed with floral
motifs. Surface of mount and horizon ring very distressed with
rust pitting and water losses to surface, globe surface better but
darkened and with rub marks. Some restoration. Interesting
American primitive. American celestial globes are much scarcer
than terrestrial ones.
EDITION OF CARL ROHRBACH'S ASTRONOMY
Globe. George Philip & Son. Philips' 4 inch Celestial globe.
George Philip & Son Ltd. London and Liverpool George Philip .
Liverpool. c1897. 4 inch orb of formed cardboard, lithographed
gores in faded gold on black background showing all main stars
and zodiac figures. Table stand of offset mount, no meridian,
raised from three strap steel incurvate legs with curled feet. A
minor dent at equator, but well preserved. Carl Rohrback
(1861-1932) was the leading German astronomer of his age who
lived and worked in Gotha. Published in Berlin by Dietrich
Reimer in 1896, this same size copy differs in the color,
language, and round rather than star shaped figures for the
brighter stars. Distributed in Britain under the Philip label;
an illustration of the original German edition is shown as plate
53 in E. Dekker and P. van der Krogt, Globes from the western
world. (1993) p.159.
FACSIMILE ON INTRICATE BRONZE EGYPTIAN REVIVAL STAND
Vicenzo Maria (1650-1718). "Orbis coelestis apustratto dalle
carte di Coronelli Repubblicae Venethia A.D. MDLX [1560?!]".
Rome. c1902? Miniature celestial table globe, 3 7/5" diam.
reproducing an antique by Coronelli, cosmographer to the
Republic of Venice. Dark blue heavens with gold constellation
figures. Full mount bronze stand employing two curved paw foot
legs raising horizon ring and two winged sphinxes. Dark green
acid patina. Since "gothic" mounted reproductions are being
offered new today, the possibility that the patina hasn't been
supplied to one of these hasn't been ruled out. Nevertheless a
strikingly different decorative celestial globe.
George F. Co. Cram's 16 inch Celestial globe... The
George F. Cram Co., Inc. Indianapolis. c1950. Coated paper gores
over plastic, time dial at North Pole. Heavens finished in
medium blue with celestial equator, ecliptic, autumnal and
vernal equinoctial colures, summer and winter solstitial
colules. Dates of the year showing that visible at any given
time. Names the zodiac configurations but does not show them.
Popular configurations such as "big dipper," "the sickle," etc.
shown by yellow lines. With full ring goldtoned cast meridian laid
into a bent wire cradle that supports an horizon ring with
printed table of time, degrees, zodiac signs, compass headings
and months. Fine condition. Among the last celestial globes as
known for centuries for NASA and the Hubbell telescope provide a
more realistic view of the universe today.
RARE RUSSIAN CELESTIAL GLOBE IN
WOODEN DECK CASE
BCN. untitled. Celestial globe
with constellations in English, the rest in Russian]
Precision meridians and horizon scale, fitted within oak deck
case. Diameter about 6.5" diameter mounted within a concentric
series of ring that act as a gimbal. BCN. Moscow?. 1952 (dated
on case). Surface shellacked. Locking clasp broken. Interesting
cold war training device used in the Russian Navy and Maritime
Service for training in celestial navigation. Unusual.
CELESTIAL, TERRESTRIAL CHILD'S SCHOOL GLOBES
Terrestrial. George Philip & Son. 6 1nch Celestial globe |
Philips' London Library Globe 6" Diameter ... Printed in
Great Britain by George Philip & Son Ltd: London c.1959 George
Philip Ltd. London. c1959. (actual date). 6 inch orbs of formed
plastic, lithographed gores in dark or light green. Celestial
showing all main stars and zodiac figures. Terrestrial quite
detailed, actually dated, with oceans in robins egg blue. Table
stands of offset mount, no meridian, raised from round crackle
finish silver bases. One minor scrape in each and some surface
stains in terrestrial but overall very good. Egypt and Syria
styled U.A.R. Nasser period.
CELESTIAL GLOBE RETAILED BY REPLOGLE
Scan - Globe A/S .
THE APOLLO CELESTIAL GLOBE BY REPLOGLE Scan - Globe A/S.
Copenhagen, Denmark. c1971. 12" coated paper hollow orb
lithographed with the heavens in dark blue and colors.
Constellations and novas shown by both their astronomer names and
astrologic. Equator and longitudinal scales. Mounted on a very
attractive high quality chrome plated half meridian above a low
turned column and round wood base. A much nicer mounting than the
usual modern globe. Slight damage at South Pole.