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Original Antique Globes> Celestial Globes

Celestial Globes

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George Adams, Sr. "To His Most Sacred Majesty George the Third, This New Celestial Globe containing all ye Southern Constellations lately observed at the Cape of Good Hope, & all the Stars in Flamsted's British Catalogue, is most humbly inscribed by His Majesty's most dutiful & obliged Subject & Servant G. Adams." Sold by G. Adams Mathl. Inst. Maker to ye King. Fleet Street London." For the entire first half of the 18th Century, seafaring Britain was absorbed with the problem of accurate nautical navigation. To figure longitude correctly, a huge prize was offered by Parliament for men like Harrison and Mudge to compete for, building an accurate spring-driven nautical timepiece for use at sea. The most significant maker in London of ever more accurate scientific instruments was George Adams Sr. and his sons George and Dudley. Holders of the appointment Instrument Makers to the King, the Adams's made more than elegant home globes on stylish stands. Scientific accuracy and demonstrative value was uppermost and his globes were comparatively more expensive than his competitors. It was Adams Sr. who provided James Cook with the instruments needed to observe the transit of Venus in the southern Pacific in 1769.[* Dahl and Gauvin, Sphaerae Mundi (2000) p.87] Possibly he supplied all the navigational instruments on the ship. In 1766, Adams published a manual to accompany his globes. "A treatise describing and explaining the construction and use of new Celestial and Terrestrial Globes". In it he describes his new method of mounting globes to make their navigational purpose more easily understood. Jealous of his success and wealth, one competitor Benjamin Martin attacked him in print describing the new mount as "more difficult to use and much less adapted to explain..."  This globe is not dated on its surface but it is dated. 1765 is burned into the wood of the inner surface of the simple rough pine octagonal deck case. This case was originally fitted with hinges and a lock, now broken or partially missing. Fine wood boxes or mountings were a nuisance at sea so nautical instrument makers who listened to the suggestions of seamen, avoided them. The orb is carefully engraved on parchment colored stock, mounted on a weighted plaster orb. A finely engraved full ring meridian has the brass time dial at what we would call the South Pole.  Among the usual classical constellation figures are also found representations of scientific instruments of the time. These were not intended to entertain but to instruct sailors in locating and identifying key stars in the firmament. Before this, most could take navigation readings only at noon and in sunlight. With a celestial globe (later called a star-finder) the readings could be taken at night.  Finding an Adams star globe in its original nautical mounting is a major discovery.  George Adams Sr.. London. 1765. Literature: Elly Dekker. Globes at Greenwich (1999)   Elly Dekker and Peter van der Krogt.        Globes from the Western World. (1993)   Edward H. Dahl and Jean-Francois Gauvin.    Sphaerae Mundi. (2000)  I.D.#10214.  

Print, English. TERRESTRIAL GLOBE.  CELESTIAL GLOBE.    [Ornate full mount Georgian pedestal globes  labeled to show all parts with diagrams explaining nomenclature.]  London. c1770. Copper engraving.  6.3 x 10.5"  Expert modern  color, matted. Engraved for Middleton's Complete system of  geography. I.D.#06406.


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English. Bardin, T.M. The New 12 Inch British Terrestrial globe representing the accurate positions of the principle known places of the earth, from the discoveries of Captain Cook and subsequent circumnavigators to the present period 1802 ... with additions to 1807. Retailer's label (W.& S. Jones. Holborn. London) obscuring lower part of title cartouche. One end chipped. Aaron Arrowsmith engraved gores for Bardin globes of this period and this information may lie beneath the retailer's label. [With] The New Twelve Inch British Celestial Globe, containing the exact positions of more than 3800 Fixd Stars, Nebulae; Plsanetary Nebulae; &c. According to the latest discoveries and observations of Dr. Maskelyne; Dr. Herschell, and other Eminent Astronomers and Adjusted to the present period 1800. T.M. Bardin. London. 1807. Period full mount stands raised on four turned legs and similar stretchers supporting horizon ring with engraved scale. Restorations to orb, gores and scale. Yonge lists a globe with the same surface, 1802 but dated to 1805, in the Wilson Museum, Castine, ME. Literature: Ena L. Yonge. A catalogue of early globes. American Geographical Society Library series No. 6. 1968. p. 5; Tooley (Mapmakers) p.84; Der Globusfreund 41/42; Millburn and Rossaak pp. 21-57. Only globe with the elusive state of Franklin in eastern Tennessee. Rockies called Stoney Mountains. The interior of Africa is left blank with no speculative additions. South coast of Australia not determined. On the celestial globe are seen constellations such as Bootes, Corona Borealis, Canis Venatici, Camelopardalis, Perseus and the Head of Medusa. Gives the names provided by French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille which include Equulerus Pictorius (Laicalle's Pictor), Fornax Chemica (Fornax) and his Microscopium. Professionally refurbished. We have only had the Bardin terrestrial globe once. Finding a pair is unusual. I.D.#10314.  


Wilson, James. A New American Celestial Globe, containing the positions of nearly 5000 stars, clusters, nebulae &c. carefully compil'd & laid down from the latest & most approv'd astronomical tables reduced to the present time by James Wilson & Sons, 1831 Albany St. N.Y. J. Wilson & Sons. Albany . 1831. Tan engraved gores over plaster on metal orb, missing the precision time arrow fastened to meridian at North Pole. Shows the zodiac figures, constellations. Stamped and machined brass full ring meridian in full mount table stand, zodiac scale on 13" horizon ring. A definitive view of the heavens in the early 19th Century, including vivid depictions of Ursa Major & Minor, Leo the Lion & Leo Minor; Cancer; Taurus the Bull; Pixis Nautic, The Mar Compass; Serpentarius; Virgo the Virgin; Cetus The Whale; Sagittarius the Archer; Bootes; Argonauvis the Ship; Corona Borealis and dozens more figures. Professionally restored and cleaned. Forms a pair with I.D.#10200.  I.D.#10303.


American. James Wilson. A NEW AMERICAN THIRTEEN INCH TERRESTRIAL GLOBE, Exhibiting with the greatest possible accuracy, the positions of the principal known places of the earth; with the tracks of various circumnavigators together with new discoveries and political alterations down to the present period: 1831 by J. Wilson & Sons Albany St. N.Y. S. WOOD & SONS, AGENTS. NEW YORK. 1831. Tan engraved gores over plaster on metal orb, probably copper. Lacks time arrow at North Pole. Shows equinoctial colure, ecliptic, prevailing winds, analemma and the routes of numerous explorers. Stamped and machined brass full ring meridian in full mount four-legged table stand with engraved colored horizon ring scale. Hawaii called Sandwich Islands or Owyhee with notes on the death of Cook in 1779 and Hergest and two others in 1792. New Holland or Australasia not yet divided into provinces. In North America, Louisiana and Missouri are states but entire Northwest called Missouri Territory and Southwest called Internal Provinces (of Mexico). Allegorical title vignette and possibly the gores by D.W. Wilson and engraved by Balch, Rawdon & Co. Surface professionally cleaned but many small black mildew spots remain. Still attractive example of an increasingly hard to find American globe by the Father of American globe making, James Wilson.  I.D.#10200.


Loring, Josiah. Loring's Celestial globe containing all the known stars,  nebulae, & c. ...  12" diam. celestial globe on wood stand, with  laminated circular horizon ring with colored printed zodiac  table.  Brass full ring meridian.  Engraved partly colored paper  gores over plaster.  Some small blemishes and losses.  Some  repairs to horizon ring, turned oak legs and cross members are  modern reproductions early 20th Century. Boston. 1833. Andrew Loring (ca.1775-1840) is a well-known early American publisher.  He began to manufacture globes in various  sizes in 1832.  Thus, one of Loring's earlier globes.  Op cit.  Warner, "The geography of heaven and earth."  In: Rittenhouse,  vol. 2 No. 4, pp. 110-112.  Dull patina.  I.D.#07693.


Joslin, Gilman. Joslin's Six Inch Celestial Globe, from the best authorities. Gilman Joslin.    Gilman Joslin. Boston. 1840. Very handsome 6 inch table globe with engraved and hand colored gores over an orb of hollow metal. Time scales at   North and South Poles are part of the gore surface design. Firmament finished a subdued tan. Engraved brass full meridian   with time dial pointer set into hardwood stand with three turned  baluster legs and stretchers. Overall height 7.75 inches. Star patterns shown with Capricorn figures of bear, lion, crab, Hercules and such. Seasons and zodiac months shown on horizon   ring. Very nicely preserved with only slight surface sun crazing  in northern hemisphere. Period stand with fine patina.   I.D.#09033. SOLD.



American Moore & Nims. The Franklin Terrestrial Globe 10 inches in diameter containing all the Geographical Divisions & Political Boundaries to the present date carefully compiled from the best authorities. Moore & Nims Troy N.Y. | The Franklin improved Celestial Globe with the new Constellations. Merrian & Moore Troy, N.Y. Pre-Civil War 10 inch globe pair from an old lodge hall which accounts for their exceptional state of preservation. Either side of the Worshipful Master's chair are two tall columns which are usually topped with globes. Often these globes are commonplace ones; this is not the case here. The terrestrial globe shows "Russian America" for Alaska, thus dating them pre-1867. Unusual West in the United States with Dacota Territory and Idaho quite large including Wyoming. Tibet is called "Bod", India called Hindostan, Afghanistan is called "Cabool" and the Kenya region in Africa is "Zanguebar". The celestial globe may be slightly earlier than the terrestrial but they have always been together as a pair. Moore & Nims. Troy, N.Y.  c1858. Exceptional condition with original varnish. Not a restoration. They always being high on columnar pedestals meant that they were seldom handled. There is a small crack in the south China area extending down into "Barmah" (Burma). It rubs slightly within the full ring meridian at Hindostan. Also a couple small dents on the title label. The hand coloring is bright and sharp and the varnish is still shiney. The folk art bases are noteworthy, being hand carved polychrome of a lotus plant in green with white blossoms extending out. The bases are a special design done by or for the Masons and not original to the globes. Bases a bit dusty but fine folk art. Each base is 13 inches high and each globe stands about 25 inches. The leaves and protruding flowers give a somewhat ancient Egyptian look and extend out to 23 inches. A dramatic and decorative potential newelpost statement. Unlike any other globe pair we have ever encountered.  I.D.#10171.  

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English. G.F. Cruchley. Cruchley's New Terrestrial Globe | ... New Celestial Globe From the most recent authorities exhibiting the discoveries in equatorial Africa, North Pole and the new settlements & divisions of Australia, New Zealand, California, Texas &c. London G.F. Cruchley, map-seller, globe maker & publisher. 61 Fleet Street ... 1868. Issue that omits mention of the Cary family to which business they had succeeded. G.F. Cruchley. London. 1868 (actually dated). Celestial globe may be slightly older. 12 inch hollow orbs, time dial at North Pole. Oceans finished in pea green, with tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, ecliptic, equinoctial colure and analemma. Each mounted on walnut turned tripod table stands with turned stretchers. Full ring brass meridians with stamped numbering, horizon rings with lithographed scales. Nice pair of mid-Victorian library table globes. I.D.#10140.  


W. & A.K. Johnston. 18 inch Celestial globe. W. & A.K. Johnston. Edinburgh | London. 1879 (actual date). Orb with the heavens in dark blue with gold stars. Constellation figures. Cast iron art nouveau floor stand with three incurvate legs, acanthus leaf style and claw feet enclosing striped glass casters. Quite dramatic and unusual constellation depictions include several enlightenment period scientific instruments; numerous lion, bear, serpent and horse figures; many classical figures: Hercules, Orion, Aquarius and others concentrated mainly in the northern hemisphere. Stars are shown in order of magnitude with golden circles and names. The horizon ring paper has the only touch of restoration in the ensemble. A rare, dated, large celestial globe in unusually fine condition.  The art nouveau stand forms a potential pair with an A.H. Andrews 18 inch terrestrial globe with Johnston gores (I.D.# 09955).  I.D.#10402



H. Albrecht. Schottes Himmelsglobus. Entworfen und gezeichnet von H. Albrecht. Verlag der Geograph/artist. Anstalt von Ernst Schotte & Co. Berlin W.  Berlin, Germany. c1880. Large table celestial globe with the background in black. Stars and constellations in red. Stars shown with several degrees of brightness. Full ring brass meridian resting within conforming round ferules above turned Dutch form central column. Three shaped Dutch renaissance revival legs forming a tripod extend from column. Entire structure ebonized. Much chipping and loss to horizon ring paper scale. Some fading to title cartouche on surface. Unusual swing out wooden container for a small compass. Extremely decorative ensemble with brass full meridian, tubing and wire in contrast to the black stand and orb.  I.D.#14726.   




Merriam & Moore. The Franklin improved Celestial Globe with the new constellations. Merriam & Moore. Troy, N.Y. c1892. Unusual 9.5" diam. Dull paper gores over plaster. Heavens finished in tan with numerous American Naive engraved drawings of constellations, hand colored. Fully mounted with horizon ring with engraved paper month and zodiac scale raised on cast iron conforming ferules above low tripod base embossed with floral motifs. Surface of mount and horizon ring very distressed with rust pitting and water losses to surface, globe surface better but darkened and with rub marks. Some restoration. Interesting American primitive. American celestial globes are much scarcer than terrestrial ones. I.D.#09953.




Coronelli, Vicenzo Maria (1650-1718). "Orbis coelestis apustratto dalle carte di Coronelli Repubblicae Venethia A.D. MDLX [1560?!]". Rome. c1902? Miniature celestial table globe, 3 7/5" diam. reproducing an antique by Coronelli, cosmographer to the Republic of Venice. Dark blue heavens with gold constellation figures. Full mount bronze stand employing two curved paw foot legs raising horizon ring and two winged sphinxes. Dark green acid patina. Since "gothic" mounted reproductions are being offered new today, the possibility that the patina hasn't been supplied to one of these hasn't been ruled out. Nevertheless a strikingly different decorative celestial globe.  I.D.#10297.

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Cram, George F. Co.  Cram's 16 inch Celestial globe...  The George F. Cram Co., Inc. Indianapolis. c1950. Coated paper gores over plastic, time dial at   North Pole. Heavens finished in medium blue with celestial   equator, ecliptic, autumnal and vernal equinoctial   colures,   summer and winter solstitial colules. Dates of the year showing   that visible at any given time. Names the zodiac configurations   but does not show them. Popular configurations such as "big   dipper," "the sickle," etc. shown by yellow lines. With full ring goldtoned cast meridian laid into a bent wire cradle that   supports an horizon ring with printed table of time, degrees,   zodiac signs, compass headings and months. Fine condition. Among  the last celestial globes as known for centuries for NASA and the Hubbell telescope provide a more realistic view of the universe today.   I.D.#09044.


BCN. untitled. Celestial globe with constellations in English, the rest in Russian] Precision meridians and horizon scale, fitted within oak deck case. Diameter about 6.5" diameter mounted within a concentric series of ring that act as a gimbal.  BCN. Moscow?. 1952 (dated on case). Surface shellacked. Locking clasp broken. Interesting cold war training device used in the Russian Navy and Maritime Service for training in celestial navigation. Unusual.  I.D.#10101



Celestial, Terrestrial. George Philip & Son. 6 1nch Celestial globe | Philips' London Library Globe 6" Diameter ... Printed in Great Britain by George Philip & Son Ltd: London c.1959 George Philip Ltd. London. c1959. (actual date). 6 inch orbs of formed plastic, lithographed gores in dark or light green. Celestial showing all main stars and zodiac figures. Terrestrial quite detailed, actually dated, with oceans in robins egg blue. Table stands of offset mount, no meridian, raised from round crackle finish silver bases. One minor scrape in each and some surface stains in terrestrial but overall very good. Egypt and Syria styled U.A.R. Nasser period.  I.D.#10231.


Scan - Globe A/S . THE APOLLO CELESTIAL GLOBE BY REPLOGLE  Scan - Globe A/S. Copenhagen, Denmark. c1971. 12" coated paper hollow orb lithographed with the heavens in dark blue and colors. Constellations and novas shown by both their astronomer names and astrologic. Equator and longitudinal scales. Mounted on a very attractive high quality chrome plated half meridian above a low turned column and round wood base. A much nicer mounting than the usual modern globe. Slight damage at South Pole. I.D.#08273.

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